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Tufts awards five honorary degrees

Tufts awarded five honorary degrees at the all-university commencement on May 23. Those recognized for their contributions were: David Halberstam, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Best and the Brightest and The Powers That Be, who gave the main commencement address, an honorary doctor of humane letters; Rosario Green, Secretary of Foreign Affairs for the Republic of Mexico, an honorary doctor of laws; Marian Heard, president and CEO of the United Way of Massachusetts Bay, an honorary doctor of public policy; Dr. David Ho, who developed the use of protease inhibitors for treating AIDS, an honorary doctor of science; and Thomas Schmidheiny, the CEO of Holderbank, the world's largest cement company, an honorary doctor of business administration.

Presidential Awards honor public spirit

They've taught inner-city children about math, science and reading. Others have reached out to victims of domestic violence, offering free dental care. Another became a legal guardian to mentally and developmentally challenged adults. This is just a sampling of the first-ever winners of the Presidential Award for Citizenship and Public Service, given on May 5 to 22 students, representing every school at Tufts. The award is administered by the Lincoln-Filene Center for Citizenship and Public Affairs.
"This is an award that reflects the Trustees' commitment to making values and skills in public citizenship a hallmark of Tufts University. It is an opportunity to recognize that creativity and excellence, and to put a spotlight on making a defining strength in the Tufts tradition," said President John DiBiaggio.

Forum celebrates Civil Society series

On April 23, the Forum on Civil Society, hosted by President John DiBiaggio and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, celebrated an interdisciplinary series, "Civil Society: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives," published by the University Press of New England. The publishing initiative seeks to expand research on citizenship and public service, an important part of Tufts' mission.

The forum featured presentations by the authors of the first two books in the series: Brian O'Connell, A53, a member of the Tufts Board of Trustees and professor of public service at the Lincoln Filene Center at Tufts, speaking on "Civil Society: The Underpinnings of American Democracy," and Phillip H. Round, a faculty member in the Department of English at the University of Iowa, addressing "By Nature and By Custom Cursed: Transatlantic Civil Discourse and New England Cultural Production, DiBiaggio gave the keynote address and Robert M. Hollister, dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, moderated the presentations, including commentary by Tufts historian John Brooke, Christine Letts and David D. Hall of Harvard, and Anna Faith Jones of the Boston Foundation.

Editors for the series are Kent E. Portney, professor of political science at Tufts; John C. Schneider, director of corporate and foundation relations at Tufts; and Virginia Hodgkinson of Georgetown University.

Fulbright Scholars push Tufts to the top

This year, high aspirations for Fulbright Scholarships were again amply rewarded. A record number of undergraduates-13 at press time-were tapped for what are considered among the most competitive academic scholarships in the world. Two Tufts undergraduates were also selected from 100 applicants for 2 of 10 Australian openings. This year's success continued Tufts' strong standing; last year, Tufts produced 10 Fulbrights and tied with Harvard for 15th in the nation in Fulbright rankings. The scholarships will support studies on topics as varied as elephant conservation in Mozambique, printmaking techniques in Cyprus, cancer research in Australia, the roots of alcoholism and its effect on twins in Finland, and the Asian financial crisis in Japan.

A milestone for the MD/MBA Program

The first graduates of Tufts' innovative MD/MBA program received their degrees in May.The eight students completed the first-of-its-kind, four-year program designed to bring management principles to medical training.

The MD/MBA Program offers courses at Northeastern and Brandeis universities, as well as at Tufts. The dual-degree program takes no longer to complete than the normal four years of medical school, making it the only program of its kind in the world.

A Civic Response to Climate Control

A major conference convened in April by the new Tufts Institute for the Environment (TIE) was hailed in a Boston Globe editorial as a timely "stitching together" of civic and church groups, municipalities and corporations in order to start making changes in their energy use that will reduce carbon dioxide emissions. "Their motto reverberates with the self-reliant spirit of the New England town meeting, defining their approach to the Kyoto Protocol as 'implementation without ratification,' " according to the Globe.

The conference, "Climate Change and Civil Society: Acting Now to Protect Our Future," brought more than 200 leaders to the Fletcher School and gave Tufts an apt platform from which to affirm its own civic spirit in response to a global priority.

President John DiBiaggio announced the University's commitment to the Tufts Climate Initiative, a program that aims to meet the Kyoto Protocol goal of a 7 percent reduction in its 1990 levels of carbon dioxide emissions by 2012.

The plan, co-directed by Professor Bill Moomaw, TIE director and Fletcher professor, and Dick Goulet, director of Tufts Facilities, will create innovative, interdisciplinary educational and research opportunities for students and faculty.

Tufts has also been invited to play a lead role in the Northeast Climate Initiative (NCI), which will bring together a group of progressive universities, corporations, municipalities, religious groups and other institutions to encourage New England civil society to voluntarily reduce greenhouse gas emissions because it is cost-effective and the "right thing to do."



Halberstam: The Importance of Making 'Choices of the Heart'

Distinguished speakers are the order of the day at commencement services, and this year was no exception. For the university's 143rd commencement on May 23, David Halberstam (left), Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Best and the Brightest and The Powers That Be, addressed the various classes of 1999. Halberstam recalled that his father, a 1925 graduate of the Medical School, and the second son of a "poor immigrant family of seven children," was always grateful for "that exceptional education, the greatest of gifts." He added, "We know . . . that the ability to rise above what your parents had been in one generation is what keeps America young and fresh and optimistic."

Addressing the "burden of being responsible for our destinies," he urged students to take their career choices seriously and not become a "prisoner of a lifestyle that you did not particularly seek out in the first place."

"It is a choice about what is good for you, not what is good for others whom you greatly respect . . . but what makes you feel complete and happy and makes you feel, for this is not a small thing, like a part of something larger than yourself, a part of a community. . . . Try and use your lives wisely, and try and make choices . . . that are of the heart." Noting that he, a few days short of his 22nd birthday, was fired from the smallest daily newspaper in Mississippi, he called upon graduates not to be afraid to take chances, to "trust your instincts and lead your lives without regrets."

Other speakers were: Dr. Robert Hunter, D63, president and CEO of Delta Dental Plan of Massachusetts, at the Dental School; Dr. Marcia Angell, executive editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, for Medical and Sackler graduates; Dr. Eric Chivian, director of the Center for Health and the Global Environment at Harvard Medical School, at the Veterinary School; and Peter Ackerman, F69, managing director, Rockport Capital, Inc., and chair of the Fletcher Board of Overseers, at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

All together, Tufts awarded 1,036 undergraduate degrees, 137 master's and 15 Ph.D.'s. From the professional schools, the university granted 163 MDs, 141 DMDs, and more than 70 DVMs. The School of Nutrition Science and Policy graduated 31 master's of science and 7 PhD's, and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy awarded 28 master's, 11 PhD's and 138 master's of arts law and diplomacy.


A commitment to financial aid

Administrators this spring reaffirmed plans to significantly enrich the college's financial aid package for undergraduates. The new package will provide an average of $13,500 in Tufts grants for approximately 30 percent of its undergraduates this fall, a figure that will grow by about 50 percent over the next five years. The total financial aid award to a Tufts student approaches $17,000, once federal loans, work-study and federal grants are added. The additional financial aid will help to offset a 4.2 percent tuition increase this fall, which will bring total undergraduate student charges to $32,126 per year.



Learning into Action

Let it not be said that Tufts undergraduates view the world from the narrow confines of an ivory tower.

This year, for instance, students took it upon themselves to initiate and organize education forums on global issues. On November 3, senior Zachariah Mampilly, with the support of the Provost's Office, the Africa New World Studies Program and Vision Of Tibet, organized an expert panel on issues influencing the current war in the Congo, a war involving eight African countries.

On April 18, two South Asian students with a long-standing interest in social activism, Mallika Mathur and Kalpana Bhandarkar (left) organized "Gender and Social Activism in the Developing World," a symposium of four panel discussions.

And also in April, seniors Bediak Amana and Tianna Sherman, co-presidents of the African Political, Social and Cultural Association, coordinated the first film festival devoted to African-produced films; the five-day "African Movie Week" was well attended as was a guest lecture by Rutgers professor of English Abena Busia, an African feminist.

Jeanne Penvenne, associate professor of history and former head of the interdisciplinary minor Africa and New World Studies, praised the high quality of the student efforts. "We have a very classy cohort of students," she said. "Some are international relations majors and they have been inspired by Pearl Robinson's leadership. She and the entire IR program have encouraged students to develop their coursework first and to study abroad. So what we see on campus is a flowering of what is already in place and the new opportunities for study enhance this kind of student initiative. Students can come back and put what they have learned and seen to use not only in a scholarly forum but also as a public service to others."

Amana, Sherman and Rahwa Tesfay took to heart their learning and interest in promoting international awareness when they co-founded the African Political, Social and Cultural Association last fall to raise awareness of African and African cultural issues. "While there are many students at Tufts with African heritage, we felt that there was a need for activities and events that could bring the community together as well as educate the greater Tufts community," said Amana, a mechanical engineering major. From hosting events such as a "Taste of Africa" in Hogdon dining hall to the film festival and lecture, "I think we accomplished a lot and set the foundation for years to come," he said.

Among other student-organized events held during Stop Violence Against Women Weeks, was a symposium organized by seniors Mallika Mathur and Kalpana Bhandarkar, on the empowerment of men and women in the developing world. "I had traveled last year throughout Africa, including doing research on market women in Swaziland," said Mathur, who is from India, "and a lot of issues echoed with those that women deal with in Asia. I saw a commonality and decided to organize a conference that would look at activism from a gender and cross-cultural perspective."

That meant putting in 10 hours of planning a day for five months, which she conceded was more than she had bargained for, "But I think it really made a difference," said Mathur, an international relations and African Politics major who hopes to continue to work for international human rights law. Student activism, she agreed, was particularly vibrant at Tufts this year. "The timing was perfect for these events; the classes are very active," she said. "Tufts has a history of activism, but my sense was that before it was basically set by seniors and juniors. Now a lot of other younger students are getting involved. We hope it's the beginning of a continuum."

Confronting Gender and Equity Issues

Activities on campus this spring highlighted the seriousness of students' commitment to the problem of violence and building better relationships between men and women.

When the Women's Center sponsored a jam-packed calendar of events for the Stop Violence Against Women Weeks, Lori Schnitzer, J99, (at left with Hal Ersner-Hershfield, A01) a French and Peace and Justice Studies major, contributed a compelling look at the consequences of violence. On April 6, some 50 decorated T- shirts on which survivors of violence expressed their experiences- domestic violence, rape, sexual abuse, assault-were displayed on the Campus Center Patio, and provided a backdrop for a rally.

"I think the project and the rally raised awareness in a new way," said Schnitzer. "Yes, it's very shocking, sometimes, and emotional, but people come away thinking about violence in a new way. Not many people may know that some ufts students have had to resort to restraining orders, that gender and equality issues are everywhere and often very close to home."

Schnitzer's project grew out of her internship with the Somerville Commission for Women, where her work included organizing a larger Clothesline Project event called, "On the Green," a visual display of more than 200 T-shirts.

"The more I started to gain exposure to women's issues, the more I realized that it is an empowering movement," said Schnitzer, now headed for law school at the University of Pittsburgh. "It's going to take a community effort to take on domestic violence. You just can't work on it on your own."

Tufts Men Against Violence (TMAV), which co-sponsored the event, was started just two years ago, and is perhaps one of the first groups of its kind in the country. But it is already contributing to violence awareness as it continues to raise social conciousness among men. Initiated by Armand Muckune-Santos, director of Alcohol and Health Education, TMAV has coordinated campus programs such as "He Said, She Said," a date-rape discussion, and "The Pledge Against Rape," in which more than 900 men pledged their support to stop violence against women by signing a banner at the campus center.

The work of TMAV includes promoting healthy relationships and communication skills, teaching anger management and constructive assertiveness, and confronting prejudice that leads to violence. This year, as part of its "Becoming Better Men" theme, TMAV invited Geoffrey Canada, author of Reaching Up for Manhood and CEO and president of the Rheedin Center for Families and Children in Harlem, to speak in March. He praised TMAV for being proactive in the men's movement. "You are the first group of young men I've talked to who are willing to do this," he said.

"Our mission is to educate ourselves and others about the issues surrounding violence," says TMAV co-chair Hal Ersner-Hershfield, A01. "We're trying to push the social boundaries of stereotypes of men, how men are socialized to conform to certain standards."

Peggy Barrett, director of the Women's Center, noted that issues around gender communication and violence prevention are attracting a more open response, which is critical to success. "What will push [these issues] forward is not only the work of women, but the involvement of men," she said. "Without the involvement of men working with other men and changing values inherent in masculinity, we won't make much headway."

Barrett is pleased as well that Tufts students are part of a national trend to bring these issues into the forefront of discussions. "We are seeing a new wave of activism that shows students are not afraid to speak up. Women in particular are proud to be more vocal; they no longer are apologizing for it. They know that feeling safe is a right and not something they have to wish for anymore."



World's First Transgenic Goats Cloned

In a scientific advance that could lead to mass production of an anti-clotting drug used in cardiac surgery, scientists at the School of Veterinary Medicine and Genzyme Transgenics Corp. have produced the world's first cloned transgenic goats.

Born last fall, the three identical female goats can secrete in their milk a clot-busting protein called Antithrombin III (ATIII)-good news for the relatively young field of '"biopharming," which uses animals to produce complex proteins for human drugs. Normally found in human plasma,

ATIII helps regulate blood clotting. ATIII is undergoing human clinical trials for FDA approval and could be used to treat stroke and heart attack patients.

"The results of this research collaboration could revolutionize the biopharmaceutical industry," said Dr. Eric W. Overstrom, a developmental biologist at Tufts whose senior research assistant, Alexander Bagusi, is the lead author of the May 1 Nature Biotechnology article. "What this means is that we now have a method that is a faster, more reliable and more cost-effective way to produce complex pharmaceuticals for humans and animals," Overstrom said.

Genetically modified cloned dairy goats are ideal producers of biopharmaceuticals because their gestation period is relatively short (less than five months), and they have high milk yields.

Transgenics, also called genetic modification, is the process of taking DNA from one species and implanting it into the genetic structure of another. In the Tufts-Genzyme project, cells were derived from a transgenic goat that tested positive for the human protein ATIII. Those cells were processed to clone three new transgenic goats for the first time. In the process, scientists used a new cloning technology that promises greater efficiency and higher success rates for cloning animals in the future.

Genzyme collaborators on the project were Dr. Yann Echelard, associate director of embryology; Dr. Esmail Behboodi, senior scientist; and Dr. William Gavin, director of veterinary services.

Folic acid linked to heart health

Tufts researchers reported in May that consuming foods fortified with folic acid could improve heart health.

In an article published in the May 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Tufts scientists said participants who consumed folate-fortified grain foods such as bread, rice and pasta had significantly lower blood homocysteine levels-which means that they may have lower risk of heart disease.

Fortifying grains with folic acid was mandated in the United States in response to evidence that it could reduce the number of babies born with neural tube defects like spina bifida. The Tufts' analysis, however, shows that others can benefit from folate fortification in foods as well.

"This might be an opportunity to inform individuals, particularly younger women, that there are now added benefits to enriched bread, rice, pasta, and other fortified foods so that they are encouraged to eat them," said Paul Jacques, principal investigator and the chief of the Epidemiology Laboratory at Tufts' USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging.


Bobbie Knable: Bringing Students Together

For 20 years students who remain on campus for Thanksgiving have been invited for a traditional dinner at Dean of Students Bobbie Knable's home.

For nearly that long, January transfers, commuting students and hall residents have gotten to know the dean and each other by baking apple pies together. (The recipe remains on file in the Dean of Students' office.) And for the past two years seniors have attended an "Etiquette Dinner," initiated by the Dean of Students' office and Career Planning to help prepare for job searches.

Clearly, Knable interprets "food for thought" both literally and figuratively, and values the role of food in bringing people together and helping them to get to know one another. When she announced her retirement this spring, she noted that she would miss these opportunities.

"Direct contact with students is essential to me in doing my job," she said. "It is important that students feel comfortable coming to my office and talking to me. Making an activity more attractive and less formal with food or making opportunities to talk with them about a variety of subjects over dinner or while baking pies are ways of encouraging students to see and use me as a resource. I can't think of a better way to have spent 30 years."

Mel Bernstein, vice president for Arts, Sciences and Technology, said, "All of us, faculty, students and administration, owe a debt to Bobbie for her lasting contributions to the quality of the academic experience for students for almost three decades. We are indeed fortunate that although she will be retiring from her present position, she will return in the fall and in a new advisory role."

Knable's insight and sensitivity to the needs of students and staff were obvious for a decade before she became a dean. She came to Tufts as an assistant professor of English in 1970. In 1971 she helped shape the origins of the daycare program and the Women's Center. From 1975 to 1979 she served as dean of freshmen and associate dean of undergraduate Studies, during which she founded the Tilton and Bridge Metcalf sessions, letting students and faculty share ideas outside of the classroom.

Knable became acting dean of students in 1979, and the following year formally accepted the post. Under her leadership, the Asian American Center (the first on the East Coast), the Tufts Transsexual Lesbian Gay Bisexual Center (one of the first in the country), and the Latino Center were initiated as administrative offices.

In addition to her work at Tufts, Knable has served on the board of trustees for Bennington College, Pine Manor College and Vermont Academy, on the steering committee for the New England College Alcohol Network, and as President of the Council on Higher Education for Urban Women. She was a commissioner on the accrediting body for the New England Association of Schools and Colleges and her volunteer work has been extensive, from spending time with psychiatric patients to serving as a member of the Congress for Racial Equality (CORE).

Knable will stay involved with Tufts by working part-time on special projects in diversity and residential learning, while continuing her research on alcohol abuse and ways of reducing binge drinking among college-age students. She will help plan how to broaden and enhance Tufts' residential life programs, and work with the culture center directors to discuss how best to meet the needs of their constituents.

Reflecting on her deanship, Knable said, "There are moments when you get a sense you've made a difference in someone's life. It's a privilege for anyone to have that feeling."

For Rocky Carzo, a Jumbo Thanks

Rocky Carzo (left, third standing from left), director of athletics for 26 years, has translated his love for sports into a boundless career. Within the department, it is visible in Tufts' 31 teams, whose combined competitive successes rank among the top 40 in the nation.

It is evident in a refurbished Ellis Oval, the Ames Human Performance Center/Lunder Fitness Center and Chase Intramural Gym, and the Gantcher Family Sports and Convocation Center, now under construction.

The Carzo touch has even reached across the Atlantic. Carzo developed and has taught a summer fitness program at the Tufts European Center in Talloires, France, since 1981. And for nearly 15 years, he has coordinated Tufts' Commencement, seeing to details from sound systems to the refurbishment of the Goddard Chapel bells.

It was with a similar boundless gratitude that Tufts threw a party for Carzo in April to mark his retirement this July.

Some 200 friends, colleagues, fans and members of his family filled the Coolidge Room in Ballou for a party that expressed a unanimous appreciation for a job well done, not only at Tufts but throughout his life and in other sports arenas.

Senior Vice Presidentand Provost Sol Gittleman noted that he met Carzo 33 years ago and soon found a kindred spirit in the gym and the locker room. "There was an instant bond between us," he said. "We are all beholden to you."

Chair of the Board of Trustees Nathan Gantcher, A62, whose support helped make possible the Gantcher Family Sports and Convocation Center, praised Carzo for his diligence in getting what he sets out to do. "Tufts suffers a great loss," he said. "To see Rocky smile when he got what he accomplished was always so great." Gantcher also announced that the trustees had given Carzo and his wife, Theresa, a two-week vacation to anywhere in the world.

"I never imagined these retirement events to evolve as they did," said Carzo, who was feted several times throughout the spring by colleagues. "The response was overwhelming."

For the university celebration, Carzo, 66, was surrounded not only by Tufts friends but joined by his family, including his five children and three grandchildren. Family, said Carzo, was indeed the "most powerful" connection he had in his life.

"For me, my own family, and the Athletics Department and the total cast of Tufts University is a family. We're all independent but interdependent. The Tufts family in my mind has never let me down. It makes you go the extra mile."

In addition, he thanked Theresa, a 1984 graduate of Tufts' REAL (Resumed Education Adult Learning) program and in whose honor the Carzo family has established a prize. "We're all very proud of her; she raised five kids and then went to college," said Carzo. "She's the biggest impact I've had on my life. She's full of love and shares it very well."

Carzo established himself as a coach of professional caliber at the University of California. He came to Tufts in 1966 and was promoted to athletics director in 1973. He has continued to be a major presence in football through the NCAA and the ECAC, serving as vice president of the NCAA in 1989, and president of the ECAC in 1994-95.

"Everything Rocky has done has been with the athletes in mind," says Bill Gehling, A84, G79, associate director of athletics at Tufts, and women's soccer coach since 1979. "He wants to make sure that their experience is as positive as his has been."



Public service club expands, relocates

The Leonard Carmichael Society, Tufts' student-run community service organization, has a lot to celebrate this year. It was voted "The Best Club at Tufts" and, for the second time in four years, it was named the "Most Outstanding Student Organization."

But students are perhaps most excited about their new home. The club is relocating this summer from a two-room office at 13 Sawyer Avenue to Hayes House on Chetwynd Road, a move that more than doubles operating space.

"This move will take us into the 21st century in terms of professionalism and increasing the services we can offer to surrounding communities," said Erin Cox, J00. "We're grateful to Ralph Perrotto, assistant director of student activities, for helping us find the space, and to President DiBiaggio's office for supporting renovations."

The change of address comes as LCS, founded 41 years ago, has completed one of its most successful years. More than 900 members of the Tufts community participated on LCS's 39 programs. (Three new programs were recently added: All Stars, an after-school sports program, TESEP, a science enrichment program, and Kids to College.) The 3rd annual semiformal raised more than $4,000 for the West Medford Community Center, and some 500 children enjoyed the 36th Kids' Day.

For more information on LCS and how to support its activities, write Erin at ecox@emerald.tufts.edu or write LCS, c/o Campus Center, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155.



New food pyramid for people over 70

Tufts nutrition experts have designed a modified food pyramid for people over 70. As published in the March issue of The Journal of Nutrition, the modified dietary guidelines include the addition of eight or more eight-ounce glasses of water at the base of the pyramid and a small supplement flag at the top labeled as calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B-12. The pyramid for 70+ adults also has a narrower base to reflect a decrease in energy needs, while emphasizing nutrient-dense foods and fiber. It advocates the daily consumption of six or more servings of bread, fortified cereal, rice and pasta; three or more servings of vegetables; two or more servings of fruit; three servings of milk, yogurt or cheese; and two or more servings of the meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs and nuts group.

Lyme arthritis discovery top rated

The American Association for the Advancement of Science has named a Tufts finding on how Lyme disease can lead to treatment-resistant, autoimmune arthritis one of the top 10 scientific discoveries of 1998.

The discovery was made by Dawn Gross, a Tufts' MD/PhD student and her mentors, Allen Steere, holder of the Natalie V. Zucker and Milton O. Zucker, M.D., Chair in Rheumatology and Immunology at Tufts School of Medicine, and Brigitte Huber, professor of pathology.

The team discovered that an immune cell, called T cells, activated by the bacterium that causes Lyme disease, continues to cause joint inflammation after eradication of the bacterium, because these cells may mistake a human protein for a bacterium protein. Steere, who is also chief of rheumatology and immunology at New England Medical Center, said the finding "may give us valuable clues to understanding not only Lyme arthritis, but also other types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis." Steere discovered Lyme disease in 1976 in children from Lyme, Connecticut, and traced the distinct grouping of childhood rheumatoid arthritis to the deer tick. He more recently headed up trials for the first vaccine to prevent Lyme disease.



Outstanding students make their mark

Two Jumbo athletes left their mark in cross-country this spring. Junior Caitlin Murphy won the 800 Meters National Championship at the 1999 NCAA Division III indoor Track & Field Championships on March 13 with a time of 2:13:26. Junior Cindy Manning, a tri-captain, was one of 15 student-athletes in the nation named to the 1999 GTE Academic All-America Women's Fall/Winter At-Large First Team. She is one of only two New England Division III student-athletes recognized on the national First Team.




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