STATUS OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
Antibiotic resistance problems in Ethiopia stem from:
Lack of access to appropriate antimicrobial therapy
Lack of regulation in agricultural use
Lack of surveillance of antibiotic use and resistance
Lack of updated antibiotic use and treatment guidelines
Lack of continuing medical education on antibiotic use for prescribers
Lack of microbiological lab capacity/lab training/diagnostic tools
These problems challenge the ability to effectively treat infectious diseases that are prevalent in Ethiopia, such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, and diarrheal diseases. Organisms of concern include Coagulase negative staphylococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Salmonella species, and Staphylococcus aureus,Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, Neisseria gohorrhoae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Shigella dysentriae.
APUA Ethiopia was established in 2006.
Chapter Objectives and Priorities:
Advocate for the issue of antimicrobial resistance.
Conduct assessments and interventions on targeted diseases/organisms/antimicrobials.
APUA Ethiopia has been engaged in surveillance projects, consumer and patient education, prescriber training, and advocacy.
Prof. Eyasu Mekonnen, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University
Dr. Wondewossen Amogne, Department of Internal Medicine (Infectious Diseases), Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University
Mr. Endris Mohammed, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute
Dr. Zerihun Tadesse, Federal Ministry of Health (now Carter Center)
Updated May 2011