International Chapters: Africa

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APUA Zambia


APUA’s Zambia Chapter explains that antimicrobial resistance containment is a new agenda and many people do not yet appreciate its importance, despite the potential for a catastrophe. Therefore, it may take a long time to build awareness among the general population.

The most urgent antimicrobial resistance problems identified by chapter members are lack of access to appropriate antimicrobial therapy, lack of regulation in human use and agricultural use, lack of surveillance of antibiotic use and resistance, lack of continuing medical education on antibiotic use for prescribers, and lack of microbiological lab capacity/lab training/diagnostic tools.

Antimicrobial resistance poses challenges to treating infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections (ARI), and diarrheal diseases, which are all prevalent in Zambia.


The APUA Zambia chapter was launched on 17th January 2004 and was officially opened by the Director General of the Central Board of Health, Dr. Ben Chirwa, with a key note address given by the WHO country representative, Dr. Stella Anyangwe.

Chapter Objectives and Priorities:

  • Advocacy
  • Evidence of antibiotic misuse and resistance
  • Policy development


The chapter conducts research and prescriber training while collaborating with other organizations and facilitating collaboration between experts. They played an integral role in APUA’s Antibiotic Resistance Situation Analysis and Needs Assessment in Uganda and Zambia, which was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. They have also been involved with patient and prescriber education, development of reports, and conferences and poster sessions.

Scientific Meetings and Workshops:

  • At the National Promotion of Rational Use of Drugs workshop held by the Ministry of Health-Zambia in Siavonga, APUA Zambia presented the results of a study of antibiotic prescribing in Zambian hospitals and conducted field visits to learn about drug use practices.
  • Presentations about antibiotic resistance in TB, malaria, cholera, dysentery and meningitis were given during the following meetings:
    • Pharmacy Awareness Week
    • Private Practitioners, and
    • Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) working group, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health-Zambia Call for Action Conference meetings
  • Monthly meetings with participation from health professionals, policy makers, and the general public are held in collaboration with various partners and research groups. The topics discussed include: TB, malaria, cholera, dysentery, meningitis and the Integrated Management of Childhood Diseases strategy, as they relate to antibiotic resistance.


Dr James C.L. Mwansa, Chairperson APUA Zambia. BSc (Human Biology) Zambia; Post Graduate Diploma in Bacteriogy (Manchester University PhD (Manchester University, UK) ; Cetificate in Immunology and Biotechnology of Infectious - Diseases (WHO Geneva)
See Dr. Mwansa's Resume


Dr Lungwani T. M. Muungo, is a University graduate in pharmacy from Robert Gordon, Scotland, United Kingdom. He holds doctorate degree from the same university in pharmacy, within the field of pharmaceutical formulations. As a pharmacist, he has a wide experience as hospital, community, industrial and educational pharmacist. He has also co-ordinated the establishment of the new degree pharmacy training program currently being housed at the University of Zambia as part of School of Medicine. From its inception to date, he has been the departmental head for the period of 5 years now.

Mr. Oliver Hazemba is a Robert Gorgon University, Scotland, pharmacy degree graduate and with post graduate diplomas in effective drug management and rational use of drugs from the same university and medical education from the Centre of Medical Education at Ninewells Hospital and University of Dundee, Scotland. He has extensive experience in pharmaceutical management and rational use of drugs in Africa and South East Asia. He is currently the Regional Technical Advisor/Africa for the Management Sciences for Health's Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus Program, Coordinator of APUA/Zambia Chapter.

Mr. Mweeemba Muvwimi is a Biomedical Scientist based at the National Reference Laboratory for tuberculosis. He has been working there for the past 10 years. He holds a Bachelor's Degree in Biomedical Sciences, a Diploma in Medical Laboratory technology and Certificate in Medical Laboratory Sciences. In 2003 he obtained a certificate in Development of Laboratory Diagnosis of Drug Resistance Microbes in Kumamoto, Japan. He is one of the founder members of the APUA Zambia chapter. He is serving as the Chapter secretary.

Updated May 2011

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