Music / ES 65
What is this course and who should take it?

Music Recording and Production is a joint effort of the Department of Music and the School of Engineering. It has been given each Fall semester since 2008.

The course is in two “sections,” one primarily for Engineering majors and the other primarily for Arts & Sciences majors. The sections do not meet separately: one is a subset of the other.

This course is very popular and fills quickly! You can only register with the permission of the instructor. To insure your place in it, contact Prof. Lehrman prior to the registration period in the spring.

• Arts & Sciences students usually sign up for Music 65

Engineering majors are allowed to sign up for Music 65 if they wish, for example if they need Arts distribution credit, but they will not get engineering credit for the course.

This section meets in Granoff 252, the computer lab, Tuesday and Thursday 3:00-4:15, with Prof. Lehrman. On approximately four Thursdays, Music 65 students will be required to attend the evening lecture (6:00-7:15). Please contact Prof. Lehrman if you have a conflict.

The prerequisities for this course are:
• basic music literacy
• the ability to play an instrument
• Math 5 or AP Calculus*
• Physics 1 and 2 (or 1N and 2N) or AP Physics*
    *one or both of these may be waived if you have taken Music 64 or 66
  • Engineering students usually sign up for ES 65

If you are an Arts & Sciences student planning to get the Music Engineering Minor with the Sound Recording and Production emphasis, you must enroll in ES 65 which means you must be taking, or have taken, ES 3.

This section meets with the other section in Granoff 252, Tuesday and Thursday 3:00-4:15, and will also meet with Prof. Swanson in the same room on Thursday, 6:00-7:15.

The prerequisites for ES 65 are the same as Music 65 (with no waivers), plus ES-3, which may be taken concurrently.

Topics covered in the course will include:
• Acoustics • Perception • Transducers • Microphone theory and practice • Speakers and power amplifiers • Mixing consoles • Digital recording • Editing in ProTools • CD mastering • Effects • Multitrack recording • Mix automation • MIDI • Audio with video

ES 65 students will be getting extra material in the mathematics, physics, acoustics, and electronics involved in audio recording and processing, including:
• Vibrational modes • Microphone and speaker design • Mixing console architecture • A/D converter design • Digital filter design • Time-stretching algorithms • Noise-cancelling technology • Data compression • Synchronization

There will be several hands-on projects, using the Music department's equipment and facilities, including Distler Recital Hall, Fisher Performance Hall, and other spaces in the Granoff Music Center. These projects will involve recording voices, instruments, and groups, and mixing and processing new and existing recordings.


Paul Lehrman teaches the Music section. He has been on the Tufts faculty since 2000, teaching courses in Music for Multimedia, film scoring, Music Apps for the iPad, History of Electronic Music, and Electronic Musical Instrument Design. He also directs the Tufts Electronic Music Ensemble. He is the technical supervisor for the music department and is director of Tufts' Music Engineering Minor program.

Dr. Lehrman is a composer, writer, and consultant, and has had works performed at Carnegie Hall, at London Festival Hall, at Boston's and San Francisco's Symphony Halls, and on PBS-TV, History Channel, A&E, and Discovery Networks. He is one of the leading experts on MIDI and computer music, and was principal author of the definitive college textbook, MIDI For the Professional, which was in print for over 20 years. He has been a writer, columnist, and contributing editor for magazines such as Mix, Wired, Keyboard, Sound on Sound, and Electronic Musician. As a filmmaker, his work has been shown on PBS and at numerous festivals around the world. He has served as a design, documentation, and user-interface consultant for many software and hardware companies including Kurzweil, Avid, Yamaha, Roland, AKG, JBL, Mark of the Unicorn, Synthogy, and Apple.

Brad Swanson teaches the Engineering section of this course. Brad has extensive experience as a mixer and production manager for groups like The Bad Plus and Dawn of MIDI, and has worked as a product development manager for iZotope. He is an accomplished musician and technologist with a bachelor's from Shenandoah Conservatory and a masters from the Sound Recording Technology program at UMass Lowell where he studied with, among others, Tom Bates, the original professor of this course. Brad has over a decade of experience teaching music technology.


The combined enrollment for both sections is limited to 12, and the course fills quickly.
If you are interested in either Music 65 or ES 65, please contact Prof. Lehrman at State your year, major, and appropriate courses and experience, and feel free to ask any questions you have.